Chinese workers and workers assemble trucks with Kenya in Nairobi factory AVIC International。
(United States, "Wall Street Journal" website) Reference News Network December 3 US media reported that Chinese medium-sized manufacturers seeking low-cost afraid of difficulties and obstacles, across the sea to the mainland and set up factories in Africa, to African countries has brought tremendous The change。
According to the US "Wall Street Journal" website reported on November 27, 2014, a medium-sized Chinese pharmaceutical companies began to study the feasibility of setting up factories in Ethiopia, the same year, which is 20 times the size of Western companies are also exploring this GlaxoSmithKline the possibility of things。 Two years later, do a number of feasibility studies GlaxoSmithKline decided to postpone investment in Ethiopia, on the grounds that the limited size of the market in the country, the low level of income。
At the same time, the new plant Humanwell Pharmaceutical Group has broken ground in Ethiopia。 It reported that now, more and more Chinese companies are attracted to the African market。 A large-scale research project McKinsey report gives new data: Chinese enterprises in Africa are currently more than 10,000, while 10 years ago, only 2500。 Promote this "hot investment in Africa" is a group of moderate scale Chinese companies, which on the one hand should be large enough, and must have the ability to go abroad, on the other hand but also small enough to offer to developing countries in Africa still considerable growth opportunities。
UNCTAD data show that Chinese enterprises in the past 10 years a total investment of $ 34 billion in Africa, hiring local staff of up to millions of people in Africa。
Surprisingly, the McKinsey study reports that, in 90 percent of Chinese companies in Africa are private, rather than state-owned enterprises。
The proportion of these African private sector employees up to 92%, the proportion of African manager level employees 47%。 In contrast, the proportion of employees in Africa Chinese state-owned enterprises was 81%, the proportion of African manager-level employees 35%。 All 52 African countries to establish diplomatic relations with China have won investment from China, with the highest amount of investment five investment destinations are the Democratic Republic of South Africa, Algeria, Nigeria, Zambia and Congo。 It reported that 30 years ago, China's gross domestic product (GDP) is also lower than many African countries。 Now, as the second largest economy in the world, China has trained a large number of experienced entrepreneurs know how to invest in developing countries。 McKinsey research report pointed out that the Chinese enterprises in Africa are mainly concentrated in the manufacturing sector, manufacturing companies accounted for nearly a third of the African continent of Chinese enterprises。 Founder of these enterprises are mostly from out of the experience in foreign-owned factories in China, and often from the most basic work to start, and then step by step in China built his own factory。
Wenzhou Sun Jian (sound) no schooling after primary school, began working in foreign-owned factories from the age of 13, he had fought in several leather processing plants, and finally opened his own factory。
The end of the first decade of the 21st century, China's domestic labor costs annual growth rate of more than 10%, Sun Jian of factory margin squeeze, he examined several overseas destinations, the final selection of Nigeria。
In 2011, he built up a large tile factory in Nigeria, the employment scale has now reached 1,100, 40% higher profit margins than domestic。
Reported that, in addition to economic interests, Chinese manufacturers have rushed to Africa, there are other reasons。
When asked in a frequent power outages, inadequate infrastructure of countries to establish whether the technology-oriented factories that when the task is arduous, people Fook Pharmaceutical Group Tang Yuzhong, head of Ethiopia (sound) talking about her own experiences as a child。
He said: "The place where we live a few decades ago did not even have a decent roof, is spread some grass, no electricity and no water。
In that case the plant can, why can not Ethiopia?"It reported that the process has not been easy to break into the African market。
Not long ago, Zambia and other African countries experienced an economic downturn, many investors backing out, some entrepreneurs have also left, but in any case, Chinese entrepreneurs gave the African continent has brought enormous changes。
European and American countries, labor-intensive manufacturing companies have been running low, they need not start the industrialization of developing countries, and historically, the industrialization of developing countries to achieve overall economic growth in the most reliable way。
The next opportunity for developing countries, may still seek help Chinese entrepreneurs, the development of market economy。
Editor: Fei Fan。